Florida Statutes Defining "Spouse"

In 1997, the Florida legislature overwhelmingly passed the "Florida Defense of Marriage Act" (hereafter "DOMA"), which prohibits "Marriages between persons of the same sex."

(1) Marriages between persons of the same sex entered into in any jurisdiction, whether within or outside the State of Florida, the United States, or any other jurisdiction, either domestic or foreign, or any other place or location, or relationships between persons of the same sex which are treated as marriages in any jurisdiction, whether within or outside the State of Florida, the United States, or any other jurisdiction, either domestic or foreign, or any other place or location, are not recognized for any purpose in this state.

(2) The state, its agencies, and its political subdivisions may not give effect to any public act, record, or judicial proceeding of any state, territory, possession, or tribe of the United States or of any other jurisdiction, either domestic or foreign, or any other place or location respecting either a marriage or relationship not recognized under subsection (1) or a claim arising from such a marriage or relationship.

(3) For purposes of interpreting any state statute or rule, the term "marriage" means only a legal union between one man and one woman as husband and wife, and the term "spouse" applies only to a member of such a union. (1)

The Florida DOMA states that "[f]or purposes of interpreting any state statute or rule, . . . the term "spouse" applies only to a member of such a union. A Westlaw search reveals 487 state statutes using the term "spouse," which pursuant to the DOMA means one man and one woman legally united in marriage. These laws include statutes addressing spouse abuse and domestic violence, (2) infidelity, (3) spouse support and rights upon dissolution of marriage, (4) adoption and parental rights, (5) procedure, (6) evidentiary rules, (7) campaigns and public officials, (8) employment and retirement, (9) taxation and homestead, (10) military and veterans, (11) health issues, (12) welfare, (13) insurance, (14) stock and investments, (15) property, (16) estates and trusts, (17) guardianship, (18) crimes and torts, (19) education, (20) and business. (21)

1. Fla. Stat. 741.212 (1998) (emphasis added).

2. Fla. Stat. 11.0431; Fla. Stat. 39.901; Fla. Stat. 39.902; Fla. Stat. 39.903; Fla. Stat. 39.905; Fla. Stat. 39.906; Fla. Stat. 39.908; Fla. Stat. 61.13; Fla. Stat. 741.01; Fla. Stat. 741.212; Fla. Stat. 741.28; Fla. Stat. 741.30; Fla. Stat. 741.32; Fla. Stat. 741.325.

3. Fla. Stat. 20.43; Fla. Stat. 826.02; Fla. Stat. 826.03.

4. Fla. Stat. 24.115; Fla. Stat. 61.001; Fla. Stat. 61.046; Fla. Stat. 61.052; Fla. Stat. 61.075; Fla. Stat. 61.08; Fla. Stat. 61.09; Fla. Stat. 61.10; Fla. Stat. 61.14; Fla. Stat. 88.1011; Fla. Stat. 726.102.

5. Fla. Stat. 63.042; Fla. Stat. 63.062; Fla. Stat. 63.064; Fla. Stat. 63.089; Fla. Stat. 63.092; Fla. Stat. 63.122; Fla. Stat. 63.132; Fla. Stat. 63.172; Fla. Stat. 742.17; Fla. Stat. 827.06; Fla. Fam. L.R.P. Form 12.981(a)(1); Fla. Fam. L.R.P. Form 12.981(a)(7); Fla. Fam. L.R.P. Form 12.981(b)(1); Fla. Fam. L.R.P. Form 12.981(c)(1); Fla. Fam. L.R.P. Form 12.981(c)(2).

6. Fla. Stat. 48.031; Fla. Stat. 49.021; Fla. Stat. 56.29; Fla. Stat. 61.533; Fla. Stat. 68.07; Fla. Stat. 319.21; Fla. Stat. 319.22; Fla. Stat. 319.28; Fla. Stat. 320.0609; Fla. Stat. 322.031; Fla. Stat. 322.21; Fla. Stat. 328.01; Fla. Stat. 372.562; Fla. Stat. 372.57; Fla.R.Civ.P. Rule 1.560; Fla.R.Civ.P. Form 1.977; Fla.R.Civ.P. Form 1; Fla.Sm.Cl.R. Form 7.343; Fla. Fam. L.R.P. Rule 12.285; Fla. Fam. L.R.P. Rule 12.560; Fla. Fam. L.R.P. Rule 12.610; Fla. Fam. L.R.P. Prec. Fm. 12.900(a); Fla. Fam. L.R.P. Form 12.901(a); Fla. Fam. L.R.P. Form 12.901(b)(1); Fla. Fam. L.R.P. Form 12.901(b)(2); Fla. Fam. L.R.P. Form 12.901(b)(3); Fla. Fam. L.R.P. Form 12.902(a); Fla. Fam. L.R.P. Form 12.902(b); Fla. Fam. L.R.P. Form 12.902(c); Fla. Fam. L.R.P. Form 12.902(i); Fla. Fam. L.R.P. Form 12.903(a); Fla. Fam. L.R.P. Form 12.903(b); Fla. Fam. L.R.P. Form 12.903(c)(1); Fla. Fam. L.R.P. Form 12.903(c)(2); Fla. Fam. L.R.P. Form 12.903(c)(3); Fla. Fam. L.R.P. Form 12.904(a); Fla. Fam. L.R.P. Form 12.904(b); Fla. Fam. L.R.P. Form 12.913(a); Fla. Fam. L.R.P. Form 12.913(b); Fla. Fam. L.R.P. Form 12.930(b); Fla. Fam. L.R.P. Form 12.932; Fla. Fam. L.R.P. Form 12.943; Fla. Fam. L.R.P. Form 12.980(b); Fla. Fam. L.R.P. Form 12.980(g); Fla. Fam. L.R.P. Form 12.980(o); Fla. Fam. L.R.P. Form 12.982(a); Fla. Fam. L.R.P. Form 12.982(f); Fla. R. Crim. P. Rule 3.201; Fla. Stat. Bar Rule 4-1.7 ; Fla. Stat. Bar Rule 4-1.7 ; Fla. Stat. Bar Rule 4-1.8 ; Fla. Stat. Code of Jud.Conduct, Definitions; Fla. Stat. Code of Jud.Conduct, Canon 3; Fla. Stat. Code of Jud.Conduct, Canon 5; Fla. Stat. Code of Jud.Conduct, Canon 6; Sixth Judicial Circuit Administrative Order No. PA/PI-CIR-97-85; Sixth Judicial Circuit Pinellas Cir CT Administrative Order No.PI-CIR-02-57; Ninth Judicial Circuit Administrative Order No. 07-98-37; Ninth Judicial Circuit Administrative Order No. 07-97-12; Ninth Judicial Circuit Administrative Order No. 07-95-35; Ninth Judicial Circuit Administrative Order No. 07-87-08; Ninth Judicial Circuit Administrative Order No. 07-85-07; Eleventh Judicial Circuit Administrative Order No. 01-16; Eleventh Judicial Circuit Administrative Order No. 99-16; Eleventh Judicial Circuit Administrative Order No. 99-13; Eleventh Judicial Circuit Administrative Order No. 98-1; Eleventh Judicial Circuit Administrative Order No. 92-38; Thirteenth Judicial Circuit Administrative Order No. S-2001-078; Fifteenth Judicial Circuit Administrative Order No. 4.013-5/99; Fifteenth Judicial Circuit Administrative Order No. 4.051-6/01; Fifteenth Judicial Circuit Administrative Order No. 10.001-1/95; Fifteenth Judicial Circuit Administrative Order No. 11.007-9/92; Fifteenth Judicial Circuit Administrative Order No. 11.023-9/92; Seventeenth Judicial Circuit Administrative Order No. II-94-H-1; Seventeenth Judicial Circuit Administrative Order No. II-01-H-4A; Seventeenth Judicial Circuit Administrative Order No. III-98-D-8; Seventeenth Judicial Circuit Administrative Order No. IV-98-A-1; N.D.Fla. LBR 1005-1; S.D. Fla. L.R., Rule 2083-1; S.D. Fla. L.R., LF-61.

7. Fla. Stat. 88.3161; Fla. Stat. 90.4026; Fla. Stat. 90.504; Fla. Stat. 92.51.

8. Fla. Stat. 101.62; Fla. Stat. 106.011; Fla. Stat. 106.1405; Fla. Stat. 112.312; 112.313; Fla. Stat. 112.3145; Fla. Stat. 112.3147; Fla. Stat. 112.3148; Fla. Stat. 112.3149; Fla. Stat. 112.3185; Fla. Stat. 117.107; Fla. Stat. 119.07; Fla. Stat. 189.4051; Fla. Stat. 272.18.

9. Fla. Stat. 110.1227; Fla. Stat. 112.0501; Fla. Stat. 112.19; Fla. Stat. 112.191; Fla. Stat. 112.1915; Fla. Stat. 112.193; Fla. Stat. 112.362; Fla. Stat. 112.363; Fla. Stat. 121.021; Fla. Stat. 121.052; Fla. Stat. 121.091; Fla. Stat. 121.35; Fla. Stat. 121.40; Fla. Stat. 121.4501; Fla. Stat. 121.591; Fla. Stat. 122.02; Fla. Stat. 122.03; Fla. Stat. 122.08; Fla. Stat. 122.34; Fla. Stat. 175.181; Fla. Stat. 175.333; Fla. Stat. 175.401; Fla. Stat. 185.162; Fla. Stat. 185.341; Fla. Stat. 185.50; Fla. Stat. 238.07; Fla. Stat. 238.071; Fla. Stat. 238.08; Fla. Stat. 238.13; Fla. Stat. 440.02; Fla. Stat. 440.13; Fla. Stat. 440.16; Fla. Stat. 440.20; Fla. Stat. 440.442; Fla.R.Work.Comp.P. Form 4.9125; Fla. Stat. 443.036; Fla. Stat. 445.051; Fla. Stat. 456.0375; Fla. Stat. 468.452; Fla. Stat. 470.002; Fla. Stat. 475.483; Fla. Stat. 489.141.

10. Fla. Stat. 193.155; Fla. Stat. 193.703; Fla. Stat. 196.011; Fla. Stat. 196.081; Fla. Stat. 196.091; Fla. Stat. 196.1975; Fla. Stat. 197.263; Fla. Stat. 197.272; Fla. Stat. 199.143; Fla. Stat. 201.02; Fla. Stat. 212.0306; Fla. Stat. 215.28; Fla. Stat. 222.13; Fla. Stat. 222.15; Fla. Stat. 563.022; Fla. Stat. Const. Art. 7 4; Fla. Stat. Const. Art. 10 4.

11. Fla. Stat. 205.171; Fla. Stat. 250.5202; Fla. Stat. 292.11; Fla. Stat. 295.065; Fla. Stat. 295.07; Fla. Stat. 295.13 ; Fla. Stat. 320.072; Fla. Stat. 320.089; Fla. Stat. 401.271; Fla. Stat. 404.056; Fla. Stat. 455.02; Fla. Stat. 456.024; Fla. Stat. 468.309; Fla. Stat. 695.031.

12. Fla. Stat. 110.221; Fla. Stat. 381.0041; Fla. Stat. 382.016; Fla. Stat. 382.025; Fla. Stat. 383.325; Fla. Stat. 394.459; Fla. Stat. 394.4597; Fla. Stat. 394.4598; Fla. Stat. 394.463; Fla. Stat. 395.0162; Fla. Stat. 395.3025; Fla. Stat. 395.50; Fla. Stat. 397.6791; Fla. Stat. 397.6795; Fla. Stat. 397.6811; Fla. Stat. 397.6815; Fla. Stat. 397.695; Fla. Stat. 397.6955; Fla. Stat. 397.702; Fla. Stat. 400.022; Fla. Stat. 400.051; Fla. Stat. 400.141; Fla. Stat. 400.145; Fla. Stat. 400.162; Fla. Stat. 400.191; Fla. Stat. 400.404; Fla. Stat. 400.427; Fla. Stat. 400.428; Fla. Stat. 400.628; Fla. Stat. 402.33; Fla. Stat. 406.135; Fla. Stat. 408.061; Fla. Stat. 415.102; Fla. Stat. 415.105; Fla. Stat. 415.1051; Fla. Stat. 456.053; Fla. Stat. 456.061; Fla. Stat. 465.017; Fla. Stat. 765.104; Fla. Stat. 765.202; Fla. Stat. 765.204; Fla. Stat. 765.302; Fla. Stat. 765.401; Fla. Stat. 765.512; Fla. Stat. 765.516; Fla. Stat. 765.517; Fla. Stat. 766.104.

13. Fla. Stat. 408.7056; Fla. Stat. 409.175; Fla. Stat. 409.221; Fla. Stat. 409.2554; Fla. Stat. 409.9101; Fla. Stat. 414.0252; Fla. Stat. 414.095; Fla. Stat. 420.633.

14. Fla. Stat. 110.123; 42. Fla. Stat. 110.1232; Fla. Stat. 624.4031; Fla. Stat. 626.99287; Fla. Stat. 626.99296; Fla. Stat. 627.4235; Fla. Stat. 627.476; Fla. Stat. 627.5575; Fla. Stat. 627.641; Fla. Stat. 627.6486; Fla. Stat. 627.6516; Fla. Stat. 627.653; Fla. Stat. 627.654; Fla. Stat. 627.6551; Fla. Stat. 627.656; Fla. Stat. 627.65615; Fla. Stat. 627.659; Fla. Stat. 627.6675; Fla. Stat. 627.6692; Fla. Stat. 627.6699; Fla. Stat. 629.401; Fla. Stat. 632.637; Fla. Stat. 641.31; Fla. Stat. 641.31072; Fla. Stat. 641.3922; Fla. Stat. 651.011; Fla. Stat. 651.055. Fla. Stat. 627.6699, entitled Employee Health Care Access Act, defines "dependent" as "the spouse or child of an eligible employee . . .."; 627.5575 of the Florida Insurance Code provides various types of group life insurance coverage for employees and their "dependents". This section states that a group life insurance policy "may be extended to insure the employees or members against loss due to the deaths of their spouses and dependent children. . . ."; Fla. Adm. C. 60P-1.003(8) defines "dependents" for State employees insurance program (Fla. Stat. 110.123) as: (a) The wife or husband of the employee or retiree and any eligible children, (b) The eligible children of a surviving spouse, . . . Fla. Adm. C. 60P-6.006(3) defines "dependent" to mean one who is "the spouse of a participant and is physically or mentally incapable of caring for himself or herself."

15. Fla. Stat. 494.00125; Fla. Stat. 494.0023; Fla. Stat. 494.0065; Fla. Stat. 496.409; Fla. Stat. 496.410; Fla. Stat. 499.012; Fla. Stat. 516.17; Fla. Stat. 517.061; Fla. Stat. 517.1203; Fla. Stat. 517.2015; Fla. Stat. 518.112; Fla. Stat. 520.9965; Fla. Stat. 540.08; Fla. Stat. 550.105; Fla. Stat. 628.461; Fla. Stat. 628.4615; Fla. Stat. 655.82; Fla. Stat. 655.935; Fla. Stat. 657.002; Fla. Stat. 678.1151; Fla. Stat. 679.1021; Fla. Stat. 679.2031.

16. Fla. Stat. 689.045; Fla. Stat. 689.071; Fla. Stat. 689.11; Fla. Stat. 689.111; Fla. Stat. 689.21; Fla. Stat. 689.225; Fla. Stat. 695.20; Fla. Stat. 709.02; Fla. Stat. 709.08; Fla. Stat. 710.102; Fla. Stat. 711.501; Fla. Stat. 711.509; Fla. Stat. 713.12; Fla. Stat. 720.305; Fla. Stat. 723.051; Fla. Stat. 723.059.

17. Fla. Stat. 731.201; Fla. Stat. 732.102; Fla. Stat. 732.103; Fla. Stat. 732.108; Fla. Stat. 732.201; Fla. Stat. 732.2025; Fla. Stat. 732.2035; Fla. Stat. 732.2045; Fla. Stat. 732.2055; Fla. Stat. 732.206; Fla. Stat. 732.2065; Fla. Stat. 732.207; Fla. Stat. 732.2075; Fla. Stat. 732.208; Fla. Stat. 732.2085; Fla. Stat. 732.209; Fla. Stat. 732.2095; Fla. Stat. 732.210; Fla. Stat. 732.2105; Fla. Stat. 732.2115; Fla. Stat. 732.212; Fla. Stat. 732.2125; Fla. Stat. 732.2135; Fla. Stat. 732.2145; Fla. Stat. 732.2155; Fla. Stat. 732.216; Fla. Stat. 732.217; Fla. Stat. 732.218; Fla. Stat. 732.219; Fla. Stat. 732.221; Fla. Stat. 732.222; Fla. Stat. 732.223; Fla. Stat. 732.224; Fla. Stat. 732.225; Fla. Stat. 732.226; Fla. Stat. 732.227; Fla. Stat. 732.228; Fla. Stat. 732.261; Fla. Stat. 732.301; Fla. Stat. 732.302; Fla. Stat. 732.401; Fla. Stat. 732.4015; Fla. Stat. 732.402; Fla. Stat. 732.403; Fla. Stat. 732.507; Fla. Stat. 732.702; Fla. Stat. 733.212; Fla. Stat. 733.301; Fla. Stat. 733.304; Fla. Stat. 733.504; Fla. Stat. 733.604; Fla. Stat. 733.610; Fla. Stat. 733.802; Fla. Stat. 733.805; Fla. Stat. 733.810; Fla. Stat. 735.203; Fla. Stat. 735.206; Fla. Stat. 735.302; Fla. Stat. 737.106; Fla. Stat. 737.3053; Fla. Stat. 737.402; Fla. Stat. 738.104; Fla. Stat. 738.1041; Fla. Stat. 738.606; Fla.Prob.R. Rule 5.025; Fla.Prob.R. Rule 5.200; Fla.Prob.R. Rule 5.210; Fla.Prob.R. Rule 5.240; Fla.Prob.R. Rule 5.340; Fla.Prob.R. Rule 5.360; Fla.Prob.R. Rule 5.380; Fla.Prob.R. Rule 5.405; Fla.Prob.R. Rule 5.406; Fla.Prob.R. Rule 5.520; Fla.Prob.R. Rule 5.900; Fla. Stat. App. 2 731.03; Fla. Stat. App. 2 731.10; Fla. Stat. App. 2 731.101; Fla. Stat. App. 2 731.14; Fla. Stat. App. 2 731.19; Fla. Stat. App. 2 731.20; Fla. Stat. App. 2 731.23; Fla. Stat. App. 2 731.29; Fla. Stat. App. 2 731.34; Fla. Stat. App. 2 731.35; Fla. Stat. App. 2 731.36; Fla. Stat. App. 2 731.37; Fla. Stat. App. 2 732.11; Fla. Stat. App. 2 732.23; Fla. Stat. App. 2 732.28; Fla. Stat. App. 2 732.34; Fla. Stat. App. 2 732.43; Fla. Stat. App. 2 732.44; Fla. Stat. App. 2 732.47; Fla. Stat. App. 2 733.09; Fla. Stat. App. 2 733.10; Fla. Stat. App. 2 733.11; Fla. Stat. App. 2 733.14; Fla. Stat. App. 2 734.031; Fla. Stat. App. 2 734.05; Fla. Stat. App. 2 734.39; Fla. Stat. App. 2 735.04; Fla. Stat. App. 2 735.05; Fla. Stat. App. 2 735.07; Fla. Stat. App. 2 735.11; Fla. Stat. App. 2 735.14; Fla. Stat. App. 2 735.15; Fla. Stat. App. 2 736.23; Fla. Stat. App. 2 736.28; Fla. Stat. 747.02; Fla. Stat. 747.03; Fla. Stat. 747.052.

18. Fla. Stat. 744.309; Fla. Stat. 744.3135; Fla. Stat. 744.3725; Fla. Stat. 744.397; Fla. Stat. 744.441; Fla. Stat. 744.444; Fla. Stat. 744.446; Fla. Stat. 744.454; Fla. Stat. 744.457; Fla. Stat. 744.464; Fla. Stat. 744.626; Seventeenth Judicial Circuit Administrative Order No. IV-01-A-26.

19. Fla. Stat. 768.18; Fla. Stat. 768.21; Fla. Stat. 787.03; Fla. Stat. 796.07; Fla. Stat. 825.101; Fla. Stat. 872.04; Fla. Stat. 901.15; Fla. Stat. 932.703; Fla. Stat. 943.171; Fla. Stat. 944.705; Fla. Stat. 960.065; Fla. Stat. 985.213; Fla. Stat. 985.215.

20. Fla. Stat. 1009.21; Fla. Stat. 1009.26; Fla. Stat. 1012.61; Fla. Stat. 1012.875.

21. Fla. Stat. 287.0943; Fla. Stat. 287.17; Fla. Stat. 288.703; Fla. Stat. 288.99; Fla. Stat. 350.031; Fla. Stat. 607.0302; Fla. Stat. 607.0505; Fla. Stat. 607.0901; Fla. Stat. 617.0503; Fla. Stat. 620.192; Fla. Stat. 620.8203; Fla. Stat. 620.8501; Fla. Stat. 620.8503.